The Best Species of Wood for Furniture June 20 2018, 0 Comments
Furniture is usually made of solid wood. Solid wood comes in two categories: hard and soft. Needle-free wide-leaf trees are the type that produces hardwood. They are trees such as cherry, ash, walnut, oak, mahogany, and maple. Hardwood ensures stability and great strength for furniture making.
Softwood lumber is derived from conifers, needle-like trees such as redwood, cedar, spruce, and pine. Lumber is prone to marks and dents, which can sometimes give furniture old charm and character. Softwood is typically preferred to make fine hand carved furniture.
To make fine furniture, solid wood has always been the favorite. It is available in a wide variety of grains, colors, and levels of hardness. Solid wood furniture is durable and an excellent investment that only appreciates over time. Different types of solid wood are endemic to different countries, each with its own particular characteristics. In addition, each tree produces wood with its own unique characteristics and grain patterns that give its wood a unique charm and personality.
There is a wide range of wood to choose from, but some of the most commonly used in the manufacture of fine furniture are mahogany, oak, maple, beech, and pine. They are listed in order of the best down based on their qualities of stability, resistance, durability, and impact resistance. Other species of cherry trees and walnut yield wood that is used in the manufacture of luxury furniture, but these, due to cost, are less popular.
The individual characteristics of the five best kinds of wood:
Beech grows in North and South America. It is light in color and heavy. It is often used to make tables, chairs, and drawers. In appearance, it closely resembles birch or maple with narrow, fine grain. Beech is hard and strong and stains and polishes well.
Mahogany is native to Central and South America and Africa. It is a hard-to-medium tropical medium grain wood with good strength, longevity, and pore structure. In color, the wood varies from tan to reddish brown. Mahogany lends itself to sculpture.
Oak is native to North America and Europe. It is very hard, heavy, and open-grained, found in both red and white species. Oak stains well in any color, although the red oak is the most popular.
Maple trees grow in the eastern part of North America and are known for its evenly sized pores that give the wood a straight grain and fine texture. It is medium-to-hard, light in color but stains well. Maple can be finished with a look of walnut or cherry or that of other more exclusive woods.
Pine grows in several parts of the world in different varieties. Pine is light yellow in color and has unique knotting characteristics that give individuality to each piece. Pine has a pattern of widely spaced streaks. Because of the normal grain and shade, no two pieces are the same. Pine lends itself to coloring and is ideal where the preference is for a lighter, airier feel.